FACT SHEET: U.S. STRATEGY TOWARD SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA – The White House

Read the full strategy here

Sub-Saharan Africa plays an important role in developing global priorities for the benefit of Africans and Americans. It has the fastest growing population in the world, the largest free trade areas, the most diverse ecosystems and one of the largest regional constituencies in the United Nations (UN). Today’s defining challenges cannot be met without African contribution and leadership. The region will play a prominent role in efforts to end the Covid-19 pandemic; tackle the climate crisis; reverse the global tide of democratic backwardness; Address global food insecurity; promoting gender equality and equity; strengthening an open and stable international system; shaping the world’s rules on important issues such as trade, cyber and emerging technologies; and tackle the threat of terrorism, conflict and transnational crime.

Building on the actions of the Biden-Harris administration and the commitment to deepen our engagement and partnership in Africa over the past year, the strategy articulates our new vision for the US-Africa partnership in the 21st century. It recognizes the enormous, positive opportunities that exist to advance shared interests with our African partners. At the same time, we acknowledge that Africa’s prospects will be challenged as long as deadly conflict divides societies, corruption hinders economic progress, food insecurity increases the risk of famine and malnutrition, and repression stifles human rights and democratic expression. As President Biden noted in his speech to the African Union last year, “None of this will be easy, but the United States stands ready to be your partner now in solidarity, support and mutual respect.”

The new US strategy for sub-Saharan Africa reaffirms the importance of Africa to US national security interests. In sub-Saharan Africa we will pursue four main objectives:

  1. Promote openness and open societies

The United States has an abiding interest in ensuring that its territory remains open and accessible to all, and that governments and peoples can make their own political choices, consistent with international obligations. Free societies are generally more inclined to work with the United States on common cause, to attract more US trade and investment, to pursue policies to improve conditions for their citizens, and to resist harmful activities by the People’s Republic of China, Russia, and other actors. We will promote openness and an open society, including:

  • Promoting government transparency and accountability
  • Increasing our focus on the rule of law, justice and dignity
  • helping African countries should use their natural resources more transparently for sustainable development
  • Deliver democracy and security dividends

The region’s commitment and capacity to renew its democracy, as well as to anticipate, prevent, and address emerging and long-standing conflicts, can lead to more favorable outcomes for Africans and Americans. By simultaneously addressing these challenges and affirming that democracy offers tangible benefits, the United States can offer Africans positive options in determining their own futures. We will help Africa deliver democracy and security dividends, including:

  • Working with allies and regional partners to prevent recent authoritarian and military takeovers
  • Supporting civil society, empowering marginalized groups, centralizing the voice of women and youth and safeguarding free and fair elections
  • Improving the capacity of African partners to enhance regional stability and security
  • Reducing the threat posed by terrorist groups to the US homeland, individuals, and diplomatic and military facilities
  • Advance Epidemic Recovery and Economic Opportunities

Two of the region’s most pressing issues need to be addressed: the Covid-19 pandemic and its attendant economic and social consequences. These challenges are compounded by supply chain issues and food insecurity due to Russia’s war of aggression in Ukraine. The United States is committed to working with regional governments and international partners to build more stable and inclusive African economies. We will advance pandemic recovery and economic opportunity, including:

  • Prioritize policies and programs to end the acute phase of the COVID-19 pandemic and build capacity to enhance preparedness for the next health threat
  • Assisting in production activities for vaccines and other medical interventions
  • With the Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment (PGII), promoting a strong growth trajectory and credit stability to support the region’s economic recovery, Prosperous Africa, Power Africa, Feed the Future and a new initiative for digital transformation
  • Partnering with African countries to rebuild human capital and food systems further weakened by the pandemic and Russia’s war against Ukraine
  • Support protection, climate adaptation and just energy transition

Africa’s efforts to preserve and restore the continent’s ecosystems and rich natural resources—as well as meeting energy access and energy security goals, diversifying its energy mix, and building sustainable supply chains—are central to tackling the global climate crisis. Although the region is responsible for very low emissions per capita, it suffers from some of the most serious impacts of climate change. We will support conservation, climate adaptation and a just energy transition, including:

  • Partnering with governments, civil society and local communities to conserve, manage and restore the continent’s rich natural ecosystems
  • Supporting countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to the impacts of a changing climate, including increasing community, economic and supply chain resilience
  • Working closely with countries to accelerate their just transitions to a clean energy future, energy access and energy security
  • Pursuing public-private partnerships to sustainably develop and secure critical minerals that supply clean energy technologies

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