Chief-designates from five continents received red hats from Pope Francis on Saturday. Members of three religious orders will enter the College of Cardinals, and four new countries will be represented: Mongolia, Paraguay, Singapore and East Timor. Finally, they would approve the canonization of the founder of the Scalabrinians, Giovanni Battista Scalabrini, and the Salesian layman, Artemide Zatti.
By Salvatore Cernuzio
Existing and new members of the College of Cardinals from around the world gather in Rome on Saturday, August 27, for Pope Francis’ eighth consistory, where he created 20 new cardinals, 16 of whom are under 80, thus electors at the future conclave, and four non-electors, over 80. of age
The celebration marks a universal consistory with church leaders from five continents. It will also be a “mixed” combination with the creation of 20 new cardinals, who will soon vote on the reasons for the canonization of the two blesseds. The Consistory takes place at the end of August, which is usually a quiet period, and includes other celebrations over the next two days and the following week that include reflection and deep study meetings. Preach the gospelApostolic Constitutions Reforming the Roman Curia.
Rite of Creation of New Cardinals
During the rite, Pope Francis will place a red biretta on the new cardinals, give them their rings and give them their The title and rank take place at St. Peter’s Basilica at 4 p.m.
It starts with the song “”.you are peter“And words of thanksgiving to the Holy Father by the first cardinal on the list. The Pope pronounces the formula for the formation of new cardinals, who pledge their loyalty and obedience to the Pope and his successors “even unto the shedding of blood.”
One by one they approach the papal seat and on their knees accept the insignia of the cardinalate: the red skull cap, biretta, ring, bull designating the title and rank. Each receives a hug of peace from Pope Francis, a gesture immediately repeated by Cardinal Dean, Senior Cardinal Priest and Senior Cardinal Deacon, who represent the entire College of Cardinals.
Vote on canonization
Saturday’s Rite of Creation was celebrated by the Ordinary Public Consistory of Blessed Giovanni Battista Scalabrini, Bishop of Piacenza, founder of the Congregation of the Missionaries of St. Charles and St. Charles Borromeo, known as the Scalabrinians, and Artemides Zatti, a Salesian layman.
Cardinal Marcelo Semeraro, Prefect of the Dicastery for the Causes of Saints, reads peroration And briefly presents the biographies of the saints. The Pope then gives the results of the votes and names the day for canonization.
Finally, he leaves the basilica through the prayer doors with the new cardinals and heads to the Mater Ecclesia monastery in the Vatican Gardens to visit and greet Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI, a gesture he has made in every consistory so far.
Post-consistory congratulatory visits
From 6 to 8 p.m., the new cardinal then greets the faithful in Rome and visitors from their countries for the customary post-consistory congratulatory visits. These visits take place in the Paul VI Hall and the Apostolic Palace.
Then on the following Monday and Tuesday, August 29 and 30, they gather for two days of intensive study. Preach the gospelAnd finally, at 5:30 p.m. on Tuesday, they celebrate Mass together with Pope Francis in St. Peter’s Basilica.
Universality and Periphery
The names of the new cardinals were announced by the Pope from the window of the Apostolic Palace during Angelus on May 29, asking for prayers for them “so that, in confirming their loyalty to Christ, they may help me in my work. Service as Bishop of Rome for the good of all the holy faithful of God.” “
The list of names confirmed the dual criteria seen in Pope Francis’ previous seven constituents. They are internationalism, with a particular focus on the global South, and on the peripheries, that is, borderlands that have historically never been cardinal, rather than places traditionally considered “cardinal-sees”.
From all parts of the world
Beyond the first three names of men who have served in the Roman Curia, especially their long tenures, namely the Dicasteries of Divine Worship and the Clergy, along with the presidents of the governorates, the new cardinal’s list includes people from Europe. Six new cardinals from Asia, two from Africa, one from North America and four from Central and Latin America.
Four new countries are now represented: Mongolia, Paraguay, Singapore and East Timor. Besides, there are seven religious including five electors and two non-electors. Three new religious members will enter the College of Cardinals: the Congregation of Jesus and Mary (Judists), the Consolata Mission Institute and the Legionaries of Christ. The College of Cardinals has the largest number of Salesians, numbering ten.
The case of Bishop Emeritus Van Looy
During the Annunciation during the Angelus last May, the Pope announced 21 names. The list includes some over the age of 80, who will not be able to vote in future conclaves but are given a red hat as a sign of gratitude for their service to the church.
Among them was Bishop Emeritus Luc van Looy of Ghent, Belgium. 20 days after the pope’s announcement, the bishop emeritus asked to be relieved of the cardinalate due to the controversy surrounding his appointment. Organizations of victims of clerical sexual abuse have accused Van Looy of failing to act decisively in the past when dealing with such crimes. In order to avoid fresh injury to the survivors, Bishop Emeritus Van Looy himself presented the request to the Pope, who approved it in June.
Names of new cardinals
Archbishop Arthur Roche, head of the congregation for divine worship; Archbishop Lazarus you Heung-sik, Prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy; Archbishop Fernando Vergez Alzaga, President of the Pontifical Commission for the Vatican City State and Governorate for the Vatican City State. Also: Archbishop Jean-Marc Evelyn of Marseilles; bishop Peter Ebere Okpaleke Ekwulobia, Nigeria; Archbishop Leonardo Steiner of Manhaus, Brazil; Archbishop Philip Neri Antonio Sebastião do Rosario Ferrao of Goa and Damao, India; bishop Robert W. McElroy San Diego, USA; Archbishop Virgilio do Carmo da Silva East Timor; Bishop Oscar Cantoni of Como, Italy; Archbishop Anthony Poole Hyderabad, India; Archbishop Paul Cesar Costa of Brasilia; Bishop Richard Kuia Bavober of Wa, Ghana; Archbishop William Seng Chye Goh of Singapore; Archbishop Adalberto Martinez Flores of Asuncion, Paraguay; and Archbishop Giorgio Marengo, Consolata Missionary and Apostolic Prefect of Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. The latter, at 48, is the youngest member of the College of Cardinals.
Those over 80 that Pope Francis is promoting to cardinalate are: Archbishop Emeritus Jorge Enrique Jiménez Carvajal of Cartagena (Colombia); Archbishop Emeritus Arrigo Miglio of Cagliari, Italy; Fr. Gianfranco Ghirlanda SJ, canonist and former rector of the Pontifical Gregorian University; and Msgr. Fortunato Frezza, Canon of St. Peter’s Basilica.
College of Cardinals
As of August 27, the College of Cardinals now has 226 cardinals, including 132 electors and 94 non-electors. 52 cardinals were created by John Paul II of which 11 are electors; 64 created by Benedict XVI of which 38 are electors; And 112 have been created by Francis, of which 83 are electors.
Geographically, they are distributed as follows: 106 in Europe, of which 54 are electorates; 60 in America, of which 38 are electors; 30 from Asia, 20 of which are voters; 27 from Africa, of which 17 are voters; and 5 cardinals in Oceania, of which 3 are electors.