China overtakes the US in scientific research output

According to a report published by Japan’s Ministry of Science and Technology, China has overtaken the US in both scientific research output and “high impact” studies.

A report published on Tuesday by Japan’s National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTP) found that China now publishes the most scientific papers each year, followed by the US and Germany.

The figures were based on annual averages between 2018 and 2020 and were drawn from data compiled by analytics firm Clarivate.

The Japanese NISTP report also found that Chinese research comprised 27.2% of the world’s top 1% most frequently cited papers. The number of citations a research paper receives is a commonly used metric in academia. The more often a study is cited in subsequent papers by other researchers, the greater its “citation impact.”

The US accounted for 24.9% of the top 1% most cited research studies, while UK research was third at 5.5%.

China published an average of 407,181 scientific papers annually, pulling ahead of the US’s 293,434 journal articles and accounting for 23.4% of the world’s research output, the report found.

China has a higher proportion of research in materials science, chemistry, engineering and mathematics, while US researchers are more prolific in research in clinical medicine, basic life sciences and physics.

The report was published on the day US President Joe Biden signed the Chips and Science Act, which will authorize $200 billion in research funding over 10 years to make US scientific research more competitive with China.

The Chinese embassy in the US said last month that China was “strongly opposed” to the bill. [a] The Cold War and the Zero-Sum Game Mentality.

The “high impact” finding is consistent with published research Earlier this yearwhich found that China overtook the US in the top 1% measure in 2019 and passed the European Union in 2015.

The papers that received more than 99% of the research citations were “works in the class of Nobel Prize winners, at the cutting edge of science,” study co-author Dr Caroline Wagner said at the time. “The US has rated China’s work low. This seems to have changed. “

The report also found that America still spends more on research and development in the corporate and university sectors than any other country. “China has the largest number of researchers in the corporate and university sectors among major countries. In the corporate sector, the United States and China are on par with each other, and both are showing rapid growth.

Shinichi Kuroki of the Japan Science and Technology Agency said, “China is one of the top countries in the world in terms of both the quantity and quality of scientific papers. Nikki Asia. “To be a true world leader, it is essential to continue producing internationally recognized research,” he said.

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