75 years of independence: India and Pakistan, in photos

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi, with freedom activists during the Dandi March — a non-violent act of civil disobedience on April 6, 1930. Gandhi is widely recognized as the man credited with bringing about India’s independence.

PA Images/Reuters

Updated at 1:12 AM ET, Mon Aug 15, 2022

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, better known as Mahatma Gandhi, with freedom activists during the Dandi March — a non-violent act of civil disobedience on April 6, 1930. Gandhi is widely recognized as the man credited with bringing about India’s independence.

PA Images/Reuters

In August 1947, the Indian subcontinent gained independence from the British and two nations were born.

But the borders of the new countries – Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan – were hastily drawn, prompting the largest mass migration in history and sparking some of the worst sectarian violence the subcontinent has ever seen.

The legacy of that violent separation has been repeated ever since, with many wars fought by the two countries against each other.

Seventy-five years later, the birth of two nations remains one of the most compelling stories of the 20th century. We look back at the creation of India and Pakistan and the remarkable moments they witnessed, from their freedom fighters to their leaders and the many ordinary people whose lives were shaped by their partition.

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